Born in Bulgaria (1905-1994) Canetti wrote novels, plays, non-fiction, and memoirs and received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1988 "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power."
New Directions was founded in 1936, when James Laughlin (1914 - 1997), then a twenty-two-year-old Harvard sophomore, issued the first of the New Directions anthologies. "I asked Ezra Pound for 'career advice,'" James Laughlin recalled. "He had been seeing my poems for months and had ruled them hopeless. He urged me to finish Harvard and then do 'something' useful."