“One might have thought that so stern a 'new novelist' would scorn the chatty style required. Far from it: Lispector discovered her own extraordinary idiom–intimate, revelatory, mystificatory. This flirtation with her readers was a triumphant metamorphosis for the avant-garde author.”
New Directions was founded in 1936, when James Laughlin (1914 - 1997), then a twenty-two-year-old Harvard sophomore, issued the first of the New Directions anthologies. "I asked Ezra Pound for 'career advice,'" James Laughlin recalled. "He had been seeing my poems for months and had ruled them hopeless. He urged me to finish Harvard and then do 'something' useful."